Multi-Planar Training: A Lesson From Grandpa | Biolayne
  1. Articles
  2. Training
  3. Multi-Planar Training: A Lesson From Grandpa
Lesson from Grandpa

Multi-Planar Training: A Lesson From Grandpa

Posted: Written by:

One of the great things about my life is that I was able to watch my grandfather rip a car engine out of a junker and violently throw it across his garage in a fit of rage. As a kid, it didn’t mean much.

“Why is Grandpa so mad at the car engine?”

Looking back, that old man strength was something special. For one, it makes your grandpa look superhuman, and two, it can give you an insight on how to develop your own version of grandpa strength. And we can keep calling it “grandpa strength,” too.

So what is this “Grandpa Strength?”

Removing the rage factor of getting mad at an inanimate object, what I described with my grandfather slinging the engine is best described as a multi-planar exercise.

In short, we have three planes of movement. They move back to front, up and down, and side to side. Or, the sagittal, frontal, and transverse planes. For a simple frame of reference, if you imagine a line splitting you in left and right halves, everything that moves along that line is moving in the sagittal plane. Now, picture a line dividing your front and back half. Everything moving along that line is moving on the frontal plane. Last, imagine a line dividing you into top and bottom. Everything along that line is moving along the transverse plane.

In the gym, the majority of exercises take place in the sagittal plane. Rowing, deadlifts, squats, supinated lat pull-downs, chin-ups, are some common sagittal plane exercises. Even then, the position in which you perform them take place in the same plane. For instance, bending at the hips to perform a bent over row, or sitting to perform a cable row.

After that, most other exercises take place in the frontal plane. Pronated lat pull-downs, barbell military presses, shrugs, and lateral delt raises fall into this category.

Last and not least, the transverse plane. The poor, neglected orphan living in the Dursley’s close at 4 Privet Dr. anything involving a twisting motion fits this bill, like a Russian twist, a wood chop, a hanging knee raise with a twist. Not only that, any manner of spinal translation fits the bill—anterior, posterior, and lateral. In addition to that, the bench press, the pec fly, and rear delt fly fit. Some of the exercises we perform happen to fit this bill. These are pretty straightforward examples of multi-planar strength. But, for grandpa strength, we can tweak those. So let’s talk about them.


Incline and Decline Bench

An incline bench is usually done at a 45 degree angle. So it’s midway between an overhead press and a flat bench press. The flat bench primarily moves in the transverse plane and a little bit of sagittal plane. A wide grip is more transverse and less sagittal, and just the opposite if you bench with a narrow grip. An overhead press is mostly frontal plane with a hint of sagittal. As such, the incline bench melds the two.

The decline bench is the marriage of the dip and the flat bench. Unlike the incline bench, the decline melds the frontal and sagittal plane.

So for both of these, you can tweak the angle at which you do them. So if you want to work more in the transverse plane with a smaller focus on the frontal plane, you would angle the bench less than 45 degrees. For more frontal plane work, you would adjust the bench to an angle higher than 45 degrees.


Pull-ups and Pull-downs

Like I mentioned before, pull-ups and pull-downs with an over hand grip work the frontal plane, while the horizontal pulling motions work the sagittal plane. Flip your grip to the underhand grip and you’re working in the sagittal plane.

Of course, the angle of your humerus can shift the difference in much the same way I discussed in the bench press above. And in a similar way, you can tweak the angle to work more in one plane vs the other. For ease, we will look at the pull-downs, since pull-ups with more angles can be a bit tricky for some, especially if you can’t rep out normal pull-ups.


Chest Supported Rows and Incline Pull-downs

The first exercise there is the chest supported row. Like most rows, you pull the weights into your hips. And to work more in the sagittal plane, you’d angle the bench less than 45 degrees. For more frontal plane work, angle the bench more than 45 degrees.


Tool Consideration

Ideally, you’ll experiment with the angles a lot to get even more grandpa strength. But, the tools you use can be limiting. A barbell or straight bar is a great tool, but it limits the motions of your forearms. So, single handles, dumbbells, or kettlebells can come in handy here. Take the chest supported dumbbell row, for instance. We can take this bi-planar exercise and throw in some transverse work via rotation.

To tweak it as such, start the movement with your hands pronated. As you pull, rotate the weights until your hands are neutral or supinated. And lower back to the start. As an alternative, you can start in supination end up in pronation. For the pull-downs, you might be further limited, but if you have double cable set up (where you can attach single handles for a bilateral exercise) you can apply the same principles to add another plane to your exercise.


Circular Barbell Rows

The traditional barbell row is primarily a sagittal plane exercise. This variation moves it from the sagittal and mingles with the frontal plane as well. Not only that, it produces quite a pump.

To perform, you move the barbell in either a clockwise or counter clockwise motion, without stopping. To decrease the difficulty, make the circle smaller. To increase the difficulty, make it a bigger circle. As always, err on the side of caution and start light, because the leverage won’t always be in your favor during this exercise.


The Bradford Press

This military press variant is a combination of the regular barbell military press and the behind the neck press. If you lack the mobility to go deep behind the neck, don’t. You can still get some transverse plane work by scaling that potion back.

And don’t make it a point to move your head around the bar, you want to move the bar around your head. Last, don’t move the bar too far above your head, you want to clear your head by about an inch or so. Not only is this a killer exercise, but if you work within your limits, it will help you regain some mobility in your shoulders.


Wait, but why?

So I’ve mentioned several variants and novel multi-planar exercises. I even showed you how to make them even more three dimensional. So what is the point of all this? Good question. Unless you’re a car person, you may not be slinging car parts around your garage. But if you aren’t a car person, you’re still a life person. And you might even be a sports person. And life and sports are seldom linear in any respect. They most certainly aren’t linear from a movement perspective. If you have to pick up your baby, a bag of groceries, and open the door to your house, you aren’t moving linearly. Much like if you pitch a baseball, you are moving linearly. Having the strength in the gym to move in such “odd” ways means that you can handle it when they happen in life. A sudden movement will be less likely to render you injured for a period of time.



Some of these exercises are pretty big in scope. But, we can narrow the basic principles down to a few key points to help you develop your own grandpa strength. So here are the bullet points:

  • You can perform a standard exercise with a focus on either a different starting point or ending point
  • You can change the path from a linear path to a curvilinear path (similar to the Bradford press above)

You can make minor modifications like these, and affect your greater overall strength. So go forth, and get stronger everywhere.



  1. Carroll, T. J., Herbert, R. D., Munn, J., Lee, M., & Gandevia, S. C. (2006). Contralateral effects of unilateral strength training: evidence and possible mechanisms. Journal of Applied Physiology, 101(5), 1514-1522. Retrieved from
  2. Young, W. B. (2006). Transfer of strength and power training to sports performance . International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 1(2), 74-83. Retrieved from

About the author

About Peter Baker
Peter Baker

In addition to being a fan of music and heavy metal, Peter is an avid player of table top RPGs, and he is a personal trainer in Tampa, FL as well as a graduate of the prestigious University of South Florida. Formerly, he was a prefect for House Slytherin.[Continue]

More From Peter